THE WORD "FOOL" FROM
THE BOOK OF PROVERBS

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THE WORD "FOOL" FROM THE BOOK OF PROVERBS

EVIL OR CHESIL?
THE BULL-HEADED FOOL
THE PIG-HEADED FOOL
[EVIL]
[CHESIL]
19 TIMES
42 TIMES
1. Proverbs 1:7
1. Proverbs 1:22
2.
7:22
2.
1:32
3.
10:8, 10, 14
3.
3:35
4.
10:21
4.
8:5
5.
11:29
5.
10:18, 23
6.
12:15
6.
12:23
7.
12:16
7.
13:16, 19, 20
8.
14:3, 9
8.
14:8, 16, 24, 33
9.
15:5
9.
15:2, 14
10.
16:22
10.
17:10, 12, 16, 21, 24
11.
17:28
11.
18:2, 6, 7
12.
20:3
12.
19:1, 10, 29
13.
24:7
13.
23:9
14.
27:3
14.
26:1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
15.
27:22
15.
28:26
16.
29:9
16.
29:11, 20
2
LESSON 5
WISDOM: HOW IT ACTS
I.
Wisdom Based On TRUTH
A.
Concerning Christ (Proverbs 8:14)
B.
Concerning God (Proverbs 9:10)
C.
Concerning Self (Proverbs 14:8)
D.
Concerning The Method Of Gaining Right Information (Proverbs
18:1-2)
II.
Wisdom Based On Truth OBEYED (James 4:17)
A.
Not Truth Alone
B.
WISDOM'S ACTIONS (Proverbs 30:24-28)
1.
The Ant - Forethought And Preparation (Proverbs 30:25)
a.
Prepare the soul
b.
Prepare the heart
c.
Prepare the mind
1.
History-the sovereignty and providence of God
2.
Math-the orderliness and design of a perfect God
3.
Psychology-the effects of sin on God's creation
4.
Biology-the love, care and omniscience of God
3
5.
Science-the wisdom and power of God
6.
Grammar-the most effective way to
communicate this great message to the world
2.
The Coney - Weakness And Security (Proverbs 30:26)
3.
The Locust - Unity And Cooperation (Proverbs 30:27)
4.
The Spider - Boldness In Prayer (Proverbs 30:28)
a.
John Bunyan, an English Baptist (1628-1688)
b.
A SPIDER AND A SINNER
1.
The spider's venom-a picture of man's sin
2.
The spider's web-a picture of the snares and
wiles of the devil; a picture of man's best efforts
(but cobwebs)
3.
The fly in the web-a picture of the sinner in hell
4.
The spider in the palace-a picture of the sinner
(through Christ) approaching the throne of God
LESSON 6
WISDOM: THE FOOLISH MAN
I.
INTRODUCTION
A.
Several types of men are mentioned in Proverbs: the wise man, the
fool, the sluggard, the froward, the perverse, the prudent and so on.
B.
The word FOOL, FOOLISH or FOLLY occurs ninety-six times in the
book of Proverbs. WISE, WISELY or WISER occurs seventy times.
THUS, this book, to a great extent, is a comparison of the wise man
and the fool.
4
II.
TWO KINDS OF FOOLS
Of the ninety-six occurrences of FOOL, there are two Hebrew words used (in
all but three of them). A study of these two words reveals that there are two
kinds of fools in Proverbs.
A.
THE BULL-HEADED FOOL
First, there is the bull-headed fool. The first word for fool is the
Hebrew word evil (like our word evil, but pronounced ev-eel'). Its
root meaning is WEAKMINDED. Yet, the word carries with it
the idea of being STRONG-WILLED, DETERMINED.
Caryl has defined this person as one who:
“Acts without counsel, whose will is too hard
for his understanding, who has no reason
for what he does, but because he has a mind
to do it. " (Joseph Caryl)
This fool does not want anyone to tell him what to do; he desires to do
what he wants to do. He is thus bull-headed and characterized by
energy and determination to have his own way.
B.
THE PIG-HEADED FOOL
The other kind of fool is the pig-headed fool. The Hebrew word is
chesil (kes-eel'). Its root meaning is FAT. Thus, the word implies one
who is mentally fat, dull, inert, sluggish. Another way of putting it is
to say this person, character-wise is a big blob. We are not talking
about outward appearance, but character. Here then is our lazy,
spoiled, inactive fool.
THUS, we have two fools: one fat, spoiled, self-centered and lazy;
the other self-willed, hot-headed, determined and energetic. In other
words, we have a bull and a pig.
5
III.
THEIR REACTIONS TO INSTRUCTION AND
DISCIPLINE
A.
The Bullish Fool (Evil)
1.
Despises wisdom (Proverbs 16:22)
2.
Does not listen to reason (Proverbs 29:9)
3.
Will not change (Proverbs 27:22)
B.
The Piggish Fool (Chesil)
1.
Despises wisdom (Proverbs 1:7, 22)
2.
Will not listen to instruction (Proverbs 23:9)
3.
Is wasting his time in school (Proverbs 17:16)
4.
Repeats his folly; does not learn from past mistakes (Proverbs
26:11)
a.
Thus did Pharaoh return from his momentary
conviction (Exodus 8:8, 15; 9:27)
b.
Ahab from his partial repentance (I Kings 21:27-29)
c.
Herod from his make-believe repentance (Mark
6:20-27)
d.
Thus do many Christians “clean house," sweep and put
away their sin, but soon go back to it with seven times
more energy (Matthew 12:43-45)
6
IV.
THEIR ATTITUDES
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
Confident (Proverbs 12:15)
2.
Cockiness
a.
Judges 2:19
b.
Judges 21:25
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
Complacent (Proverbs 1:32)
2.
Careless (Proverbs 14:16)
3.
Trusts his own heart (Proverbs 28:26)
a.
The heart-the "Great Imposter" (Jeremiah 17:9)
b.
The pig-headed fool wallows in the mud of his own
feelings. Whatever feels right is right, according to this
man.
c.
CHARLES BRIDGES SAID, “Any dependence upon
one's feelings, impulses, one's own strength or even
upon a sincere purpose or conviction is vain
confidence.”
d.
Peter was an example of one who ran his life by his
feelings. As a result, he found himself cursing and
denying his Lord before he learned his bitter lesson.
e.
THUS, we find our piggish fool, sitting back
contentedly enjoying his selfish life. He does whatever
he wants to do, listening to no one or nothing but his
own fleshly desires and heart.
7
V.
THEIR MOUTH
It is interesting to note that the piggish fool uses his mouth more than the
bullish fool. The evil fool's mouth is mentioned only twice in Proverbs, while
the chesil fool's mouth is mentioned ten times. How like these two animals-
the bull and the pig. The bull is known for his energetic action, the pig for his
sluggish grunting.
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
Blames the Lord (and any other authority) for his failures
(Proverbs 19:3)
2.
Quarrels, argues (Proverbs 20:3)
a.
Though the bullish fool does not use his mouth as much
as his actions, nevertheless, when he does use his mouth,
he does so in a hot, angry way. His speech is
characterized by attacks on someone else. He has a
short temper and it shows in his speech.
b.
Every failure is because of someone else. The bull never
does anything wrong, or if he does, it really is not his
fault.
c.
The word meddling means quarreling.
d.
The fool enjoys arguing. He wants to argue about rules,
about standards, about the Bible. Watch for this
characteristic-it is the sign of the bull.
B.
The Piggish Fool
2.
Spreads slander (Proverbs 10:18)
3.
Spouts folly (Proverbs 15:2, 14)
4.
Does not spread knowledge (Proverbs 15:7)
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5.
Says what he thinks (Proverbs 12:23; 29:11)
6.
Causes strife (Proverbs 18:6,7)
7.
Brags (Proverbs 14:33)
8.
Expresses his opinions rather than the Word (Proverbs 18:2)
9.
Lies (Proverbs 19:1)
a.
There are two ways to lie (according to Proverbs 10:18):
by hating someone while pretending to like him, and by
slanting or twisting what someone did to make it seem
wrong. Slander is telling a half-truth, twisting the truth
or not telling all the truth so a wrong impression is
given. The piggish fool is a master at this. He can either
1) pretend to love those he hates, or he can 2) tell lies
about them by leaving out those facts that do not help
his case.
b.
The piggish fool is discovered by the things he talks
about. You will note that his talk 1) never increases
one's knowledge (it is always empty talk), and it is little
more than 2) folly (HAVE YOU EVER NOTICED
PEOPLE WHO NEVER TALK ABOUT ANYTHING
SERIOUSLY, BUT THEY ONLY JOKE AND ACT
FOOLISHLY?) is usually 3) self-centered, calling
attention to one's personal accomplishments, and is 4)
opinion-centered. This person is always saying, "Well, I
think
" but he can never give Scripture for his
beliefs.
c.
Proverbs 13:16 says, "A fool layeth open his folly."
That is, you can tell whether a man is a fool or not by
observing his characteristics. Watch how men act,
observe their speech; and you will see many bulls and
scores of pigs.
d.
The piggish fool delights in saying what he thinks. After
all, he is secure in his little world. He has everything
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going his way. He does not worry about what anybody
thinks or says. Complacency and carelessness mark this
person. Who cares how his words hurt or harm?
e.
Finally, you will note that his words cause strife.
Some people have a way with words. They can divide a
church in a minute with a few well-chosen words. His
mouth "calleth for strokes" (Proverbs 18:6). He can
make people mad enough to fight. Then he laughs at
their "sin.”
VI.
THEIR SIN
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
The bullish fool is mentioned only once regarding sin
(Proverbs 14:9).
2.
Mocks at sin
3.
The bullish fool thinks sin is funny. He does not fear it; he likes
it. In fact, he enjoys seeing the righteous shocked by his sin.
He thinks they are dumb to think he is a bad sinner.
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
Enjoys sin (like a sport or game) (Proverbs 10:23)
2.
Thinks it a sin not to sin (Proverbs 13:19)
3.
Never considers the consequences (Proverbs 14:8)
The piggish fool, careless and complacent (as we have already
seen), trusting only his own feelings, enjoys sin to the hilt. Sin
is his sport, his fun, his entertainment. In fact, it is a sin
(abomination) not to sin!
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5.
But how can men regard sin as a sport if they have seen sin as
heaven sees it? Sin brought death into our world. Is that a
joking matter? Sin nailed our Saviour to the cross. Is that
something to take lightly? Sin causes every funeral, every
disease, every tragedy, every broken home in the world. Is that
something to laugh about? Let the sinner go to Gethsemane
and see Christ's tears. Let him stand at Calvary and see
Christ's agony and blood. Let him visit hell and see sin’s
wages.
6.
If sin is sport to you, remember that hell's sport is the burning
of sinners. Oh, dear ones, consider the consequences. Do not
play the fool!
LESSON 7
WISDOM: THE WISE MAN AND THE FOOLISH MAN
I.
Review
A.
Proverbs 13:16 says a fool "layeth open his folly. "
B.
That is, "you can tell a fool by the way he acts. "
II.
HIS FRIENDS
A.
The Bullish Fool (Evil)
1.
Gets his friends in trouble (Proverbs 17:12)
2.
The Bullish Fool is more dangerous than a bear whose cubs
have been stolen.
a.
We are to beware of this individual.
b.
You can be friendly to the bullish fool, but you cannot
become his close buddy.
c.
To do so is to ask for destruction.
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B.
The Piggish Fool (Chesil)
1.
Gets his friends in trouble (Proverbs 13:20)
a.
Proverbs 13:20 reveals that we can tell a wise man by
the friends he chooses.
b.
THE WISE MAN WILL WALK WITH
WISE MEN.
c.
Therefore, a wise person will not run with those who
have the characteristics of the fool.
d.
To do so invites trouble.
2.
LOOK AT PSALM 119:63.
a.
How would you characterize your best friends?
b.
Do they fear the Lord?
c.
Do they live pure, holy lives?
d.
Do they love to talk about the things of the Lord?
e.
Do they witness?
f.
Are they faithful in church?
g.
Do they listen?
h.
Are they growing in the things of the Lord?
i.
Or, are they bullish or piggish?
3.
Look at Joash and 2 Chronicles 24.
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4.
If we can...
a.
Live in a worldly environment without feeling out of
place
b.
Run with the ungodly without missing a spiritual
atmosphere
c.
Talk about the things of the world without a desire to
talk about the Lord
d.
Run with those who violate God's Word without feeling
guilty...
e.
THEN WE'D BETTER BE
CONCERNED ABOUT OUR
SPIRITUAL CONDITION.
5.
REMEMBER, 1 Corinthians 15: 33 tells us that BAD
COMPANY CORRUPTS GOOD MORALS.
6.
When God saves our souls, He saves us not only from hell and
for His glory, but He saves us from sinful company (Acts 2:40).
III.
HIS HOME
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
Destructive influence (Proverbs 14:1)
2.
Rejects his father's discipline (Proverbs 15:5)
3.
Subjection to parents is also the law of God.
a.
When God gave the ten commandments, He divided
them into two divisions:
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b.
The first four deal with MAN'S
RELATIONSHIP TO GOD
c.
The last six deal with MAN'S
RELATIONSHIP TO MAN.
1.
The final five commandments are based on the
PARENT-CHILD
RELATIONSHIP.
2.
God's law demands that we subject ourselves to
our parents.
a.
AND HOW IS THIS DONE?
b.
First, by making sure that the spirit of the
first four commandments is true in our
lives-that we have a right relationship
with the Lord.
c.
Next, by making sure that our obedience
is not just outward, but inward.
1.
The word honour deals with our
inward subjection.
2.
We are not to just go through the
motions of obedience, we are to
truly respect, love and want to
honour our parents.
14
4.
Ephesians 6:1-3 gives further insight to this law by adding two
things:
a.
OBEDIENCE IS RIGHT (Ephesians 6:1)
1
Obedience is outward righteousness and is
expected by God.
2.
NO CHILD CAN BE RIGHT
WITH GOD AND DISOBEDIENT
TO HIS PARENTS.
3.
His relationship to his parents will be but a
mirror of his relationship to his God.
b.
HONOURING PARENTS CARRIES A
PROMISE (Ephesians 6:2-3)
1.
The fifth commandment is the first
commandment that carries with it a promise.
2.
God has promised to bless any child who will
honour his parents.
3.
Furthermore, God brought great pain and
sorrow into the lives of those who refused to
honour and obey their parents (I SAMUEL
2:22-25).
4.
You cannot disobey your parents without
disobeying the Lord, for it is God who has
commanded you to obey them.
a.
Thus, we see how foolish it is to disobey
your parents.
15
b.
You are disobeying both the law of nature
and the law of God, you are setting aside
a promise of blessing, and you are asking
for punishment both from your parents
and from God.
c.
Only the fool would make such a choice.
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
Despises his mother (Proverbs 15:20)
2.
Destroys his father (Proverbs 19:13)
3.
Brings grief and hurt to his parents (Proverbs 17:21, 25)
a.
Many are the miseries of life, but none like those that
come from one’s children. There is no love on earth
closer to God’s love than that of a mother. Yet, the
piggish, spoiled, fat fool could not care less. He steps all
over his mother’s heart. He destroys his dad with equal
carelessness. Jacob’s children caused him great pain
and grief. He once told them that they would bring his
gray hairs “with sorrow to the grave” (Genesis 42:38).
b.
Surely, “a foolish son is a grief to his father, and
bitterness to her that bare him” (Proverbs 17:25).
Absalom was named “His father’s peace”, yet he was
the cause of his father’s most painful grief.
c.
What have you done to your parents? Are they proud
of you? Are you a source of real joy and peace in their
hearts? Do you live to honour them? Or are you
adding to their anxieties and worries?
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IV.
HIS GOALS
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
You will note that the bull-headed fool has no problem in this
area.
2.
Why?
3.
Because he is full of goals.
4.
His goals are not wholesome, but his energetic strong-willed
approach to life affords him many goals.
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
The pig-headed fool, however, has a problem with goals and
Solomon has a proverb for it.
2.
He has no goals (Proverbs 17:24)
a.
The pig-headed fool-as might be expected of one so
inwardly fat, lazy and contented-has no goals. His eyes
are constantly wandering-his thoughts are never
concentrated on any one thing-his desires are
temporary. He just does according to his feelings, which
may change from day to day. He has no definite
objective in life, no settled principles, no certain rules.
Talent, cultivation of his mind and improvement of his
character are the least of his concerns.
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b.
Do you have definite goals in life? Are these goals
Godly? Are they Biblical? Have these goals and
purposes come through prayer and a study of the
Word? Or, are you like the jellyfish, floating with the
tide, taking whatever comes along? Are you
purposefully STEERING or are you
DRIFTING? (Remember Bill Borden!)
V.
HIS RESOURCES
A.
The Bullish Fool (These areas do not apply to the bullish fool.)
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
Again, it is the chesil piggish fool in view. The energetic,
strong-willed fool takes advantage of his opportunities. He
may have great purpose in life and so will not be wasteful, but
it is a different story with the pig-headed fool.
2.
WASTES OR SQUANDERS HIS
RESOURCES (Proverbs 21:20)
a.
Time
b.
Opportunities
c.
Institutions
VI.
HIS ANGER
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
Uncontrolled (Proverbs 14:17)
2.
Quick to lose his temper (Proverbs 14:29)
3.
Lingers in his anger (Proverbs 27:3)
a.
We have not had much to say about the bull-headed
fool lately. However, when we come to the subject of
18
anger, he is the star. Snorting and stomping is his
nature. Thus, Proverbs has more to say of his anger
than that of our pig-headed fool.
b.
How can you tell a fool? He is “soon angry” (Proverbs
14:17) . His temper flares out of control at the slightest
provocation.
c.
SEE Bridges on Proverbs, pp. 189-190.
d.
THUS, we find that a strong-willed person is a prime
target for making a fool of himself in front of everyone
else.
e.
Moses, the meekest man on earth, was condemned
because of a quick temper.
f.
Consider what the Bible says about a quick,
uncontrolled temper:
1.
It gives the devil an opportunity (Ephesians
4:26-27)
2.
It grieves the Holy Spirit (Ephesians 4:30)
3.
It is contrary to the mind and example of Christ
(Matthew 11:29; Philippians 2:3-5).
4.
It is inconsistent with the gospel of salvation
(Col.
3:8,12,13).
5.
It is degrading to human nature (Proverbs 17:12;
25:8; 29:20).
6.
It is a work of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-21).
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7.
It condemns to hell (Matthew 5:22)
8.
SURELY, THEN WE SHOULD
STRIVE TO BE SLOW TO
ANGER.
g.
But the bull-headed fool not only loses his temper
quickly, he also stays mad for some time, Like a rock or
a bag of sand tied to the foot of one in the water, the
anger of a fool lingers and drags one lower and lower,
An angry fool stays sullen for a long time. Absalom
kept his anger for two years (2 Samuel 13:22-23). Yet,
David's anger melted away at the first words of reproof
(1 Samuel 25:32-33), THUS, WE CAN TELL
THE CHRISTIAN’S ANGER FROM
THE UNGODLY, FOOLISH ANGER.
The child of God may sin and become angry, BUT it
is soon over. The fool, however, harbors his anger, lets
it burn and seethe until bitterness develops.
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
Uncontrolled (Proverbs 12:16)
2.
The chesil fool is mentioned only once in Proverbs concerning
anger: "A fool's wrath is presently known." This selfish, lazy,
spoiled fool has a temper, too, While not as volatile as the bull,
nevertheless his sordid, sottish mind explodes with anger
anytime he cannot have his selfish way, His wrath is “presently
known” (i. e. "known at once"). Someone has said, "An
unbridled tongue is the proof of an unrenewed heart." The
piggish fool has no command of himself. On the first rising, he
bursts out with an uncontrollable impulse. His passions get
hold of him, trample reason under foot, change his whole
appearance and conquer his mind with temporary insanity.
This kind of selfish anger was seen in Saul’s attacks against
David, and in Jezebel’s boiling rage against Elijah (1 Kings 19:
1-2). THEY WERE PIGS!
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3.
Yet, far more grievous is the pig and bull’s anger in a child of
God, as we noted in Moses, the meekest of men (Numbers
20:10-11), in David, the man after God's own heart (1 Samuel
25:21-22), in Asa, whose heart was "completely" with God all
his days (2 Chronicles 16:10). Nothing will more excite the
ungodly to scoff at a child of God and scream “hypocri te”
than to see a Christian lose his temper.
4.
DO YOU HAVE A PROBLEM WITH
YOUR TEMPER? Perhaps it is because there is still l)
a strong self-will that has not been humbled before God, or
perhaps you are 2) fat and self-centered, filled with piggish
pride. Go to God in prayer and ask Him, who calms the
storms, to calm the storm within your soul. Keep your eyes on
His example who "being reviled, reviled not again."
VII.
HIS ORIGIN AND CURE
A.
The Bullish Fool
1.
Born a fool, cured by the
2.
ROD (Proverbs 22:15)
B.
The Piggish Fool
1.
Cured by the ROD (Proverbs 26:3)
2.
Fools are born. But are some born fools and others not? All
men are born fools. All children are born with either
pig-headed or bull-headed tendencies bound in them. Have you
ever noticed that you do not have to teach a child to be selfish,
to lie, to take what is not his? Man is born a sinner, a fool. The
very root and fruit of sin is inborn in all of us. SIN IS
WILLFULNESS, THE DETERMINATION
TO HAVE OUR WAY, THE UTTER
REBELLION AGAINST ALL RULES AND
LAWS AND AUTHORITY. No one is exempt from
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these tendencies.
3.
How then can we be cured? The answer is the same for both
the evil and the chesil-the rod! Learn now that the discipline of
your father and mother is your greatest good. Over and over
God urges the use of the rod (Proverbs 19:18; 22:15; 23:13-14;
26:3; 29:15, 17; Hebrews 12:10).
4.
The rod is not a symbol of hatred or of a parent’s selfishness,
but a sign of love. Note Proverbs 13:24. Why is the rod used?
Because it is God’s instrument for removing men from sin.
Note 2 Chronicles 33:12-13.
5.
Sometimes God uses the rod. WHEN parents do not use it,
GOD WILL. WHEN parents use it sparingly, GOD
WILL use it heavily-LATER. It may be ten years down
the road, but God will use it.
6.
How can we avoid it? By applying the principles of God’s
Word in our lives...By applying our hearts to wisdom. Only
then will foolishness dissolve without the rod. THIS
STUDY CAN SAVE YOU MANY TEARS,
MANY FAILURES AND MANY STRIPES.
Do you see characteristics of the chesil or the evil in your
life? Apply the instrument of God’s wisdom to them
immediately. Submit yourself to His Word and will, and walk
thereby.
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