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If we had been born in Saudi Arabia, we would almost certainly hold Muslim beliefs; in Alabama: Christian; in Tailand: Buddhist; in much of Europe: secular. Pure chance? What your beliefs might have been if the stork who delivered you had been blown off course.

Christianity vs Judaism

Christianity vs Judaism

Christianity and Judaism are two Abrahamic religions that have similar origins but have varying beliefs, practices and teachings.

Comparison chart

Jesus Christ
Founder: Jesus Christ Abraham, Moses.
Practices: Prayers, Sacraments, worshipping in Church, reading the Holy Bible. Jews recite prayers 3 times daily, with a fourth prayer added on Shabbat and holidays. The Morning Service is called Shacarit, the Afternoon service is called Mincha, the Night Service is called Arvit. The additional Shabbat Service is called Musaf.
Place of origin: Jerusalem Israel
Clergy: Priests, monks, nuns, ministers, & bishops, and deacons. Pastors and some churches Board of Elders Religious functions like Rabbis, Cantors, Scribes, Mohels. People who specialize in public Torah reading tropes. Anyone can lead service or prayer.
Use of statues and pictures: Used in Catholic & Orthodox Christianity; Depections are not represented in most Protestant denominations. Strictly not allowed as considered Idoltary.
Life after death: Man is appointed to die once, and after that come judgment. Those that are redeemed, live on in Heaven, those that rejected God suffer for eternity in Hell. World to come, Reincarnation (some groups); temporal suffering in Hell; eventual return to Paradise(Garden of Eden), unifying with God, there are different opinions and beliefs
Goal of religion: To gain Eternal Salvation in Heaven. To live. fulfill the Covenant with God. Love God with all your heart and a perfect faith (from the morning service).
Literal Meaning: Christian: Meaning "Follower of Christ" A Jew (Hebrew: יְהוּדִי, Yehudi (sl.); יְהוּדִים, Yehudim (pl.); Ladino: ג׳ודיו, Djudio (sl.); ג׳ודיוס, Djudios (pl.); Yiddish: ייִד, Yid (sl.); ייִדן, Yidn (pl.))[1] is a member of the Jewish people/ethnicity
Concept of Deity: Believe in the Trinity. Three persons in one Godhead: Father, Son and Holy Spirit Belief in one God and teachings of the tradition, prophets and rabbis.
Scriptures: Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament), varies in the old(depending on if its a Protestant, Catholic, or Orthodox)Bible, and 27 in the new testament. Tanakh (Jewish Bible) , Torah.
Population: 2.4 Billion includes Catholics, Protestants, and all other Christians. Around 13-20 Million , debated
Status of Adam: Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race. Disobeyed God in the Garden of Eden. First known use of the Adam/Eve mythology.
Status of women: They can become nuns in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches and can be priests to Protestant churches. For the most part, women are equal to men in modern-day society. However, the Bible says women are inferior to men in multiple places. Equal to Men in eyes of God and in the Law (Halakha) in reality differs in different traditions. Conservatives & liberals differ greatly
Branches: Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox. by traditions based on location: Sephard, (Spain, Islands, Arab countries, Turkey) Ashkenaz (Central/Eastern Europe, Germany, France) Greek, MIzrachi: Jemen, India etc. By approach to tradition: Orthodox, Conservative, Reconstructionist, Reform
Geographical predominance: Christianity has spread worldwide across all six settled continents, predominantly Europe, North, Central, and South America, Australia, and New Zealand Israel, North America, Europe.
Belief: Jesus is our Lord and Savior. The Jews' central belief is that the people of all religions are children of God, and are equal. The role of Jews is to follow God Law and to certify his presence, The Messiah is important element of beliefs. There are many concepts.
Angels: Angels are God's messengers. Angels serve God as messengers. World is full of beings existing that we cannot see or understand
Geographical distribution and predominance: Worldwide. Africa, Europe, North and South America, Asia and Australia. Jews are dispersed all over the world, present in almost all countries however the majority lives in Israel, USA, Russia, France, UK
Time of origin: Approx. 33 AD. c 1300 BC
Definition: Follower of the Christ Of the tribe of Judah.
Principle: God created man. Man sinned and fell under its curse. God redeems sinful man through the shed blood of Jesus Christ. Those that He redeems, He regenerates and they become "born-again". They are the Chosen people of God, and must follow their Covenant with Him. A unique ethnicity. Early monotheists.
About: Following Our Lord Jesus Christ. Judaism is created by Abraham and his descendants c. 2000 bce. Jews are decendants of Josef son of Jaakov son of Ichak son of Abraham. The Law: Torah was given to Moses and to 600 000 Jews leaving Egypt in c, 1300 bce to follow God's mission
Belief of God: God is the Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent, Holy, Just, Loving Creator of the Universe. God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death.
Rites: The Sacraments: Minimum 2; Maximum 7. Mitzvahs.
Marriage: Monogamistic: "And two shall become one". One man and one woman are united under God in the holy sacrament of Matrimony. In Heaven, marriage does not exist. Between one man and woman. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. In our times monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one
Means of salvation: Through Christ's Death, and Resurrection. Through belief in God, good deeds, complete faith.
Identity of Jesus: Son of the Living God, and Saviour of the world, and 2nd person of the Godhead. Not God, by some streams recognized as the teacher, some extreme streams recognize him as the Messiah (Jews for Jesus) by some his ideas were a compilation of wise Judean ideas, credited to a generic Jewish name meaning savior.
View of Oriental religions: Pagan. N/A. Many different views Must obey the law of the land, if ethical.
Human Nature: Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of their sin. two equal impulses, one good and one bad. People decide which one they follow. Human nature is in human hands. You must judge each person for innocence (Avos chap. 1).
Holy days: Sunday is the Lord's Day, Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas. Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Purim, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Holidays given by God in Torah or created to commemorate historical events. Holocaust remembrance.
Day of worship: Worship should be a continual process in the lives of Christians. Sunday is not the only day Christians can attend Church. Every day in particular Holidays. The most important is Saturday (Shabbath), many Holidays correspond to agricultural seasons of Israel and the work week, and the prayers explicitly mention this.
Clothes: No Prohibitions Jews wear skullcaps called kippot, or yarmulkes. During prayer, men over 13 wear prayer shawls, called Tallit and black boxes called Tefillin, which are reminding the spiritual connection with God. Women cover their heads.
Promised Holy one.: Christ both the First & Second Comings. The Coming Messiah
View of Animistic religions: Pagan. Pagan (however like paganism the earliest Jewish holidays correspond to agricultural and work seasons as do the prayers).
Death of Jesus: Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and the Ascent to Heaven Death and crucifixion by Romans
Second coming of Jesus: Affirmed, No one knows the date of return not even Jesus, only the Father Denied
Prophets: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prophets_of_Christianity Moses, and the subsequent Prophets of Israel. No prophets or magic until the world to come and world peace (according to the Talmud)..
Place and Time of origin: Jerusalem 33 AD 1300 BC, Middle East. Solidified and metamorphosed into a religion in the Babylonian exile by facing Jerusalem, replace animal sacrifice with prayer and keeping the faith alive through the Babylonian diaspora 700 BC.
Birth of Jesus: Virgin Birth, though the Father. Normal Birth
Offshoot religions: Rastafarianism, Unitarian Universalism, and Deism. Christianity, Mandeanism, Islam.
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel: Permitted in Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican(Episcopalian) Churches, Protestants do not have Saints' intercession. They do not revere Mary, because they do not believe that Jesus Is the Messiah. Praying only to God.
Confessing sins: Catholic & Orthodox Christians confess their sins to the priest, in the Sacrament of Reconciliation. Most Protestants do not believe in the Sacrament of Confession. Temple destroyed in 70, there was a sin offering for individuals, and Yom Kipur confessions, Today people must individually repair their sins, recognize what is wrong and improve themself. People individually confessing sins. Talking with God, Vidui
Three Jewels: Christ, Grace, and Virtue Torah, People, Land, Law. love God.
Original Language(s): Aramaic, Greek, & Hebrew Hebrew
Views on the afterlife: Eternal life in Heaven or Hell. World to come. different opinions.on nature The life after is commonly recognized as the next world. Human soul can be reincarnated, stay in the next world or unify with god. Different beliefs and opinions.
Ressurection of Jesus: Affirmed by all Christians Denied.
God's role in salvation: Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. This faith is demonstrated thorugh accepting his message of selfless compassion and producing good works in keeping with repentance. Divine revelation and forgiveness. The salvation is in human hands and depends on how people live, their approach to other people, The role of mankind is to make the world better place.
Holy days/Official Holidays: Christmas (birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus for our sins), Sunday (day of rest) Easter (resurrection of Jesus) Shabbath, Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Purim, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Holidays given by God in Torah or created to commemorate historical events.
View of God: One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death. God is one and the only holiness. God is the creator he is beyond human understanding, he is omnipotent
Resurrection of Jesus: Affirmed. Denied
Religious Law: Christians no longer live under the curse of the law but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law. Halakhah
Abrahamic Lineage: Through Isaac & Jacob, because they are Christ's Ancestors(& also because of Isaac's near-sacrifice prefigured Christ's Own Sacrifice). Isaac and Jacob.
Position of Mary: The Blessed Mother Of God, and Mother of all Catholics and Orthodox. Protestants believe she was a person with a special purpose given by God to bring Jesus into the world. Not applicable, as Jews do not believe that Jesus is the Messiah, and therefore, His Mother plays no role in the Jewish religion.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of: No. Faith plays an important role in the life of the Christian. Yes, since Judaism emphasizes Deed over Creed; Many Jews profess to be atheists, in spite of their commitment to Judaism.
Original Languages: Aramaic & Greek. Hebrew till 500 bce, Aramaic and Greek koine till 300 ce Hebrew for services. . Local languages and different extinct and living Jewish languages like Carfati, Jiddish, Ladino, Judesmo etc


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Revelation 2:11 - Believers enter the Lord's presence at death. In essence, the moment we die, our spirit and soul go to be with the Lord.

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