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If we had been born in Saudi Arabia, we would almost certainly hold Muslim beliefs; in Alabama: Christian; in Tailand: Buddhist; in much of Europe: secular. Pure chance? What your beliefs might have been if the stork who delivered you had been blown off course.

Catholicism vs Christianity

Catholicism vs Christianity

Catholicism is a denomination, hence a subset, of Christianity. All Catholics are Christians, but not all Christians are Catholics. A Christian refers to a follower of Jesus Christ who may be a Catholic, Protestant, Gnostic, Mormon, Evangelical, Anglican or Orthodox, or follower of another branch of the religion.

A Catholic refers to a Christian who follows the Catholic religion as transmitted through the succession of Popes of Rome and the Vatican Empire across history. The Pope is the leader of the Catholic church. The Catholic Church is the largest of the Christian Churches - about 60% of Christians are Catholic.

Comparison chart

Catholic
Christianity
Jesus Christ
Place of worship: Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica Church, Chapel, Cathedral, basilica.
Founder: Jesus Christ Jesus Christ
Place of origin: Jerusalem Jerusalem
Clergy: priests (fathers) , monks, ministers, pope, bishops, arch bishops, nun, and Deacons. Priests, monks, nuns, ministers, & bishops, and deacons. Pastors and some churches Board of Elders
Practices: All Catholics are expected to participate in the liturgical life, celebrate and revere Jesus' sacrifice on the cross at Mass, particularly Holy Communion-partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the appearance of Bread and Wine Prayers, Sacraments, worshipping in Church, reading the Holy Bible.
Scriptures: Holy Bible, a collection of 73 canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and New Testament), 46 in the Old Testament, and 27 in the New Testament Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament), varies in the old(depending on if its a Protestant, Catholic, or Orthodox)Bible, and 27 in the new testament.
Use of statues and pictures: Crosses, statues and pictures are acceptable in Catholicism. Catholics widely use them as depictions of Christ, Mary, and the Saints. Used in Catholic & Orthodox Christianity; Depections are not represented in most Protestant denominations.
Life after death: Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell; Temporal third state before Heaven, known as Purgatory. Man is appointed to die once, and after that come judgment. Those that are redeemed, live on in Heaven, those that rejected God suffer for eternity in Hell.
Literal Meaning: catholic - from the Greek adjective καθολικός, meaning "general" or "universal" Christian: Meaning "Follower of Christ"
Concept of Deity: Believe in the Trinity. Three persons in one Godhead: Father, Son and Holy Spirit Believe in the Trinity. Three persons in one Godhead: Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Status of women: Women can become nuns. They can become nuns in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches and can be priests to Protestant churches. For the most part, women are equal to men in modern-day society. However, the Bible says women are inferior to men in multiple places.
Population: 1.1 Billion 2.4 Billion includes Catholics, Protestants, and all other Christians.
Goal of religion: To give glory to God and have perfect union with Him. To gain Eternal Salvation in Heaven.
Status of Adam: Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race. Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race.
Geographical predominance: Catholicism has spread worldwide across all six settled continents, predominantly Europe, North, Central, and South America, Australia, and New Zealand Christianity has spread worldwide across all six settled continents, predominantly Europe, North, Central, and South America, Australia, and New Zealand
Branches: Latin rite & Eastern rite. Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox.
Principle: Adam and Eve sinned, as have all subsequent human beings because God created us with a free will to make choices. Man was not able to adhere to the strict laws of the Ten Commandments, so Christ came as the ultimate sacrifice to reconcile us to God. God created man. Man sinned and fell under its curse. God redeems sinful man through the shed blood of Jesus Christ. Those that He redeems, He regenerates and they become "born-again".
Angels: Angels are God's messengers Angels are God's messengers.
Second coming of Jesus: Affirmed Affirmed, No one knows the date of return not even Jesus, only the Father
Birth of Jesus: Virgin Birth Virgin Birth, though the Father.
Geographical distribution and predominance: Europe, North, Central, & South America Africa, the Philippines, & Australia. Worldwide. Africa, Europe, North and South America, Asia and Australia.
Belief of God: God is the Omnipotent, Loving Creator of the Universe. God is the Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent, Holy, Just, Loving Creator of the Universe.
About: Belonging to the Church Founded By Christ, when He Chose St. Peter as His Rock. Following Our Lord Jesus Christ.
Means of salvation: Received at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; salvation through faith and penance. Belief in Jesus as the sole savior of humanity. Must have a relationship with Jesus. Good Works. Seven Sacraments. Through Christ's Death, and Resurrection.
Time of origin: Approx. 33 AD. Approx. 33 AD.
Concept of God: One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Death of Jesus: Death by Crucifixion Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and the Ascent to Heaven
Rites: 7 Sacraments: Baptism, Eucharist, Penance, Confirmation, Marriage, Ordination, Last Rites The Sacraments: Minimum 2; Maximum 7.
Definition: 'Universal.' Follower of the Christ
View of other Abrahamic religions: According to Catholic doctrine, Catholicism is the original Christian Church. According to Christian doctrine, Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation (incomplete without the Messiah).
Human Nature: Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of their sin. Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of their sin.
View of Oriental religions: Pagan. Pagan.
Prophet: Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, many others. Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekial, Nahum, Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Amos, Hosea, Zechariah, Zephaniah, Malachi, Daniel, Nathan, and many others
View of the Buddha: N/A. A sinner in need of God's redemption just like everyone else.
Identity of Jesus: Incarnate Son Of God. Son of the Living God, and Saviour of the world, and 2nd person of the Godhead.
Resurrection of Jesus: Affirmed, witnessed by 500+ people Affirmed.
Views on the afterlife: Eternal life in Heaven or Hell; temporal suffering in Purgatory for some. Eternal life in Heaven or Hell.
Promised Holy one.: Christ both the First & Second Comings Christ both the First & Second Comings.
Three Jewels: Christ, Grace, and Virtue Christ, Grace, and Virtue
Clothes: Clergy dress in robes, in Catholic & Orthodoxy. No Prohibitions
View of Animistic religions: Pagan. Pagan.
Day of worship: Worship should be a continual process in the lives of Roman Catholics. Sunday is not the only day Catholics can attend Church for Mass. Worship should be a continual process in the lives of Christians. Sunday is not the only day Christians can attend Church.
Place and Time of origin: Jerusalem 33 AD Jerusalem 33 AD
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel: Allowed. They can intercede with God on your behalf. Permitted in Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican(Episcopalian) Churches, Protestants do not have Saints' intercession.
Offshoot religions: Protestant denominations and many others. Rastafarianism, Unitarian Universalism, and Deism.
Ressurection of Jesus: Affirmed Affirmed by all Christians
Virtue in which religion is based upon: Love Selfless love.
Confessing sins: Confesses to priests, for absolution from sins in the name of Christ (John 20:22-23). Prayer to the Saints. Catholic & Orthodox Christians confess their sins to the priest, in the Sacrament of Reconciliation. Most Protestants do not believe in the Sacrament of Confession.
God's role in salvation: Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. Jesus said, "No one can come to Me unless the Father draws him and I will raise him up on the last day." John 6:44 Repent & Believe. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. This faith is demonstrated thorugh accepting his message of selfless compassion and producing good works in keeping with repentance.
Original Language(s): Greek, and Latin Aramaic, Greek, & Hebrew
Authority of Dalai Lama: N/A. N/A.
Position of Mary: The Queen of all Saints.View is similar to the Orthodox church - the title 'Mother of God' being used more commonly than Theotokos. In addition, it is claimed that at various points in history, Mary has revealed herself to the world in apparitions. The Blessed Mother Of God, and Mother of all Catholics and Orthodox. Protestants believe she was a person with a special purpose given by God to bring Jesus into the world.
Holy days/Official Holidays: Sunday (The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost, Christmas (birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus for our sins), Sunday (day of rest) Easter (resurrection of Jesus)
Authority of Pope: The Pope is the 'Vicar of Christ' i.e. the visible head of the church on earth and spiritual successor of St. Peter. He has supreme authority (including that over church councils) within Christendom (The Power of the keys). The Catholic Church teaches that the Papacy goes all the way back to St. Peter; the Coptic Church's Popes go back to St. Mark; Orthodox Churches also have Apostolic Succession;Protestants do not believe in Apostolic Succession or having a Pope.
Religious Law: Canon law (Catholics), Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC), 10 commandments, papal decrees and orders. Christians no longer live under the curse of the law but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law.
Goal of Philosophy: Eternal Salvation. Salvation
imams identified as: N/A. N/A.
Purgatory: A place of cleansing and preparation for heaven. Also a place where the punishment due to unremitted venial sins may be expiated. Affirmed in the Catholic Church. Not in the Protestant.
Marriage and Divorce: An unbreakable contract and a type of Christ and the church. Divorce is not permitted unless there is some canonical impediment to the marriage. In this situation, an annulment may be granted. An unbreakable contract and a type of Christ and the church. Divorce is not permitted.
Saints: The position is very similar to Orthodoxy. For sainthood, it is also required that at least two verifiable miracles have occured as a result of the intercession of that person. Catholic & Orthodox Christians venerate the Saints; most Protestants do not venerate the Saints.
Original Languages: Greek and Latin Aramaic & Greek.
Significance of Eucharist: The position is similar to the Orthodox. The Eucharist is also known as the 'Holy sacrifice of the Mass'.The position is similar to the Orthodox. The Eucharist is also known as the 'Holy sacrifice of the Mass'. A Holy Sacrament.
Presence of Christ in Eucharist: The Priest invokes the Holy Spirit during the Mass. However the consecration becomes effective through the Priest who acts in the person of Christ.The gifts change completely into Christ's body and blood and this change is termed 'Transubstantiation" Literal Presence Of Christ, in Catholic, Orthodox, & Anglican(Episcopalian) Christianity; Symbolic only, in most Protestant forms of Christianity.

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"I have found the paradox that if I love until it hurts, then there is no hurt, but only more love." Mother Teresa


Isaiah 57:15 - For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: "I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.


The Biblical name for God, "I AM," really has a question mark behind it. "I AM? WHAT AM I?" (Mellen-Thomas Benedict - NDE)

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